agregador de noticias

Nodes - Our Story

OLDaily - 30 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Nodes.io, May 30, 2020

Nodes is a new tool for 'visual' or node-based programming. Think of it as an integrated development environment (IDE) for softwrae that allows you to program complex functions using diagrams rather than text-based commands. "Visual tools generally tend to be rectangles wired up together representing data flows. This makes them very popular in areas like visual effects programming, real-time graphics, data-processing pipelines, procedural architecture and so on." This article describes Nodes in some detail. What it does for me, though is take me all the way back to the days of learning objects (or more accurately, the concept that was 'learning objects' before publishers wrecked it). Think for a moment - look at this article and ask, can you imagine using a tool like this for visual learning design? This takes th idea well beyond LAMS; you could create connectivist-style learning networks with it. "Neural networks is another area where computational graphs tend to be visualised with nodes and wires." Something to think about.

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What Is Confidential Computing?

OLDaily - 30 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Fahmida Y Rashid, IEEE Spectrum, May 30, 2020

I think it's likely we'll hear a lot more about confidential computing in the future (along with other privacy-preserving functions, like homomorphic encryption and zero-knowledge proofs). Basically, "Confidential computing uses hardware-based techniques to isolate data, specific functions, or an entire application from the operating system, hypervisor or virtual machine manager, and other privileged processes." This allows you to run an application in the cloud, say, with the expectation that there is no way the cloud provider could spy on your data while it's being processed.

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Why the USMCA Locks in the Internet Platform Liability System in the U.S., Canada and Mexico

OLDaily - 30 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Michael Geist, May 30, 2020

There have been reports that an Executive Order (EO) in the United States will force that government to reconsider the 'safe harbour' provisions in the Communications Decency Act, a provision known as section 230. Basically, it says that the carrier of a message is not responsible for the content of the message, not even if they take steps to ensure that their services are used legally and responsibly. It's the same provision that protects the post office, the telephone company and the cable provider: it's the sender of the message that is liable, not the communications channel. Right now, social media such as Twitter and Facebook (and pretty much anyone who operates an online discussion forum) is protected by this provision; the EO could reverse that. Except, as Michael Geist points out here, it can't reverse it, as the safe harbour provision is enshrined into the international trade agreement. There are many reasons to dislike these trade agreements, but this is a reason to like them.

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Technology Virtual reality and augmented reality: overhyped or new industry standard?

OLDaily - 30 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Celeste Martinell, Chief Learning Officer, May 30, 2020

One of the projects I'm working on for my day job involves the use of virtual reality. I still see VR and AR (collectively, XR) as niche applications, certainly for now, and probably for the forseeable future. This article mentions some augmented reality (AR) applications, such as "Opensight, a Microsoft AR-enhanced medical imaging product, which allows clinicians to overlay scans onto the patient and interact with the data in 3D. Similarly, Tradiebot developed an AR app for car mechanics that overlays the repair steps onto the physical car." Price is a factor in the limited adoption (I still cannot afford my own VR viewer), as are the limits on applications.

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The academy’s neoliberal response to COVID-19: Why faculty should be wary and how we can push back

OLDaily - 30 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Academic Matters, May 30, 2020

The argument here is that "remote teaching, as it is being implemented, is not the exceptional response that it has been made out to be, nor is it the only option available. Instead, it is the product of choices that reflect and advance the particular view of society that has underpinned the neoliberal restructuring of universities and other institutions over the past several decades." The authors highlight several characteristic assumptions of this neoliberal view, including (quoted):

  • faculty are pre-trained, or able to train themselves without additional time and support
  • citizens should interact as formal equals, without regard for the substantive inequalities between us (which) makes it difficult to articulate needs that arise from historical injustices
  • the move away from the ideal of the university as a public sphere with collective goals of critical enquiry, equality, deliberation, and the pursuit of knowledge
  • the ongoing reframing of postsecondary education as an instrumental mode of job training.
  • the principle that enquiry and debate are public goods in and of themselves, regardless of their outcome or impact, is devalued
  • people as commodities in competition with each other, it acknowledges that some people will simply be left behind and considers this the inevitable result of market competition functioning as it should.
  • neoliberal ideals have long been justified—and opposition to them discredited—using Margaret Thatcher’s famous line that “there is no alternative."

This probably requires a longer treatment, along the lines of my discussion of the Learning, Media and Technology editorial earlier this week, but today has been all about getting work done for my day job.

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Pre-Pandemic, Higher Ed Enrollment Decline Showed Signs of Slowing

Campus Technology - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 20:21
According to the researchers who monitor college and university enrollment term-by-term, the continued enrollment decline has shown signs of slowing. Of course, that was pre-pandemic, as the latest enrollment report from the National Student Clearinghouse noted on its front page.

The Science of Sourdough Starters

OLDaily - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 19:37
Tim Chin, Serious Eats, May 29, 2020

You might think this has nothing to do with online learning, but you'd be wrong. This is online learning. Sure, it's not an online course or program, but regular readers will know I've long advocated for a much wider definition of online learning. This article, and the recent popularity of pandemic sourdough, is a case in point. It's clearly written, even though it throws some heavy scientific terms at the reader, and most people (myself included) will come away knowing more than they did before reading it. A few people will be inspired to investigate further and (like my wife) master the art. And many people will start reading the article, decide they're not interested, and not finish. That's how online learning works. See also: how to make sourdough starter. Next up: Neapolitan pizza dough.

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Eastern Michigan Hopes to Boost Enrollment with New Esports Agreement

Campus Technology - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 19:12
Eastern Michigan University has signed a multi-year contract with Gen.G to run competitions for both college and high school students and organize K-12 camps. The deal is intended to help the institution accelerate its esports activities, helping to drive fall 2020 enrollment and differentiate the school from others in the region.

SUNY Cobleskill Adding Varsity Esports for Fall

Campus Technology - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 19:02
State University of New York Cobleskill intends to added varsity-level esports to its athletics program in the fall.

¿Cómo incrementar el número de mujeres en carreras STEM?

Tec Monterrey — Edu News - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 18:22
Una encuesta realizada a más de 10,000 alumnas del último año de preparatoria en la Ciudad de México y el Estado de México, reveló que para el 31 % de las mujeres, la familia es un factor decisivo para elegir carrera universitaria.

Ada Lovelace, matemática, informática y escritora británica.

Con información de Montserrat Valle Vargas / TecReview.

¿Por qué muchas estudiantes no se plantean estudiar una carrera relacionada con ciencia, tecnología, ingeniería y matemáticas (STEM por sus siglas en inglés)? Una encuesta realizada a más de 10,000 alumnas del último año de preparatoria en la Ciudad de México y el Estado de México, arrojó que sólo a 618 les interesa estudiar alguna de estas disciplinas.

Esta baja cifra llevó a que el Centro de Investigación de la Mujer en Alta Dirección (CIMAD) del Instituto Panamericano de Alta Dirección de Empresa (Ipade) y el programa Movimiento STEM realizaran una intervención con el objetivo de promover ámbitos no tradicionales de estudio entre la juventud. Esta intervención de Movimiento STEM se llevó a cabo en las escuelas participantes a través de una serie de 100 conferencias interactivas llamadas “Elige bien, elige STEM”, donde a través de un formato tipo stand up comedy se abordaron los siguientes temas:

  • La importancia de una decisión vocacional informada acerca de su proyecto de vida y carrera

  • Que las carreras no tienen género

  • Qué carreras son las de mayor demanda y quiénes son sus nuevos competidores

  • Las características de las carreras STEM, cuáles son y su potencial presente y futuro

  • Cuáles son las competencias que deberán desarrollar para afrontar exitosamente los retos del siglo XXI

Además, el programa brinda orientación vocacional y acompañamiento a través de mentorías para apoyar a los y las jóvenes en su elección de carrera para mejorar su desarrollo personal y profesional.

“Maestros Embajadores STEM”

Previo a la conferencia, se brindó a los docentes una breve plática informativa sobre la importancia que tendrán las carreras STEM en el futuro de las nuevas generaciones y la influencia que tienen los docentes en las decisiones de vida y carrera de los y las jóvenes.

El rol de los docentes y su influencia en esta toma de decisiones es fundamental, por lo que se lanzó la campaña “Maestros Embajadores STEM”, un video que busca concientizar a las y los profesores sobre cómo al finalizar su educación media superior, los jóvenes toman una de las decisiones de mayor impacto en sus vidas: la elección de carrera.

Falta de modelos a seguir

La encuesta forma parte de un análisis que reveló que en el país gran parte de la responsabilidad de la ausencia de mujeres en estos ámbitos se debe a factores sociales y culturales. La falta de modelos a seguir, la poca orientación vocacional, los estereotipos y la influencia de las familias en la toma de decisión de carreras profesionales son algunos de los factores que mantienen baja la inclusión de mujeres en STEM. En este sentido, la familia toma relevancia ya que 31 % de las mujeres encuestadas comentan que son influenciadas por su familia en la toma de decisión sobre su carrera profesional.

“En México, solo el 12 % de las jóvenes se gradúan en alguna carrera STEM”.

“Tenemos que acercarnos más a ellas y demostrarles que pueden ser un factor de cambio social. Que las jóvenes sepan que pueden resolver retos de la humanidad desde la ciencia es vital para cambiar este tema sociocultural”, dijo Graciela Rojas, fundadora de Movimiento STEM.

La mayor parte de las jóvenes mexicanas que deciden estudiar carreras relacionadas con STEM lo hacen en las áreas de ciencia y salud, pero aún hay áreas de oportunidad en la parte de ingenierías y tecnológicas, señaló Rojas.

El Tec de Monterrey también trabaja en la inclusión de más mujeres en las carreras STEM por medio del programa Patrones Hermosos, el cual a través de talleres inmersivos y actividades prácticas ayuda a casi 2000 estudiantes de secundaria y preparatoria, de entre 13 y 17 años.

“Que las jóvenes sepan que pueden resolver retos de la humanidad desde la ciencia es vital para cambiar este tema sociocultural”.

Hasta este año, en el programa han participado 78 instructoras del MIT y 350 de universidades mexicanas. Para 2025, la iniciativa estima un impacto positivo en un millón de jóvenes mujeres, así como seguir reafirmando el compromiso del Tecnológico de Monterrey con la equidad de género en todas las áreas.

En su reporte 2020 sobre la brecha de género, el Foro Económico Mundial estima que, de seguir con esta poca participación, el mundo tardaría 99 años en cerrar la brecha. México se enfrenta a un reto importante debido a que solo el 47 % de las mujeres del país forman la fuerza laboral, ocupando el lugar 124 de 153 países. 

Esto demuestra que no solamente hace falta que ellas decidan estudiar alguna de estas carreras, el objetivo es su inclusión y participación en el ámbito laboral. En México, solo el 12 % de las jóvenes se gradúan en alguno de estos ámbitos, pero únicamente cuatro de cada diez de ellas incursionan en el mercado laboral, de acuerdo con el estudio Women in the workplace de McKinsey (2019).

Problema internacional

La falta de inclusión de mujeres en carreras STEM es un problema mundial. De acuerdo con datos de la UNESCO, sólo el 30 % de las mujeres elige estudiar una carrera relacionada a estas áreas. Actualmente, solo el 30.5 % de las solicitudes de patentes internacionales tramitadas incluyen una mujer inventora y de continuar con esta tendencia la paridad podría lograrse hasta el año 2076, de acuerdo con Rebeca Servin Lewis, directora de Asuntos Jurídicos, Corporativos y de Filantropía en Microsoft México.

Por otra parte, Ana Vanessa González, directora de fomento Ecológico y Social de Citibanamex, aseguró que la mayoría de los CEO en el mundo ya no provienen de carreras como Administración, sino de áreas relacionadas con STEM. “Obviamente el número de mujeres en esos cargos son mínimas. Si estas carreras son las que mueven al mundo, guían y lideran los esquemas de investigación es importante preguntarnos qué está pasando en México porque no estamos formando parte de las soluciones globales y de México”, indicó González.

Los resultados obtenidos en el análisis realizado por el CIMAD, Ipade y el programa Movimiento STEM, ponen de manifiesto que este tipo de esfuerzos e intervenciones con énfasis en la eliminación de estereotipos de género en las carreras STEM, permiten a las jóvenes sentirse identificadas con dichas áreas de estudio. Asimismo, concientizar sobre el papel de las carreras STEM en el futuro del trabajo y la resolución de los retos mundiales, tienen resultados positivos en el logro de la inclusión de mujeres en las carreras STEM.

 

Don’t stop with broadband—build an infrastructure for supporting students

OLDaily - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Julia Freeland Fisher, Christensen Institute, May 29, 2020

It's hard to imagine the Christensen Institute proposing any sort of government-led support, but that what seems to be the case here as it cites former Massachusetts commissioner of education Paul Reville in saying, “Establish systems of child development and education that meet children where they are … and provide them with what they need, inside and outside of school, in order to be successful.”  But we should be clear - this should be done in addition to real reforms that address poverty directly, not instead of them.Having said that - yes, I agree with the proposal; I remember in-school vaccination programs, nutrition programs, dental hygine and and more publicly-funded support (at least while I was in Montreal - a lot of this disappeared when we moved to rural Ontario in 1968).

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‘Student voice’ in lockdown

OLDaily - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Helen Young, Lee Jerome, BERA Blog, May 29, 2020

According to the authors, "Lockdown and the concurrent dependence on technology for communication raises the danger of a further narrowing of student voice." I don't see why that should be the case, especially when we see that in technology everywhere has increased everyone's voice, sometimes to excess. Why should the opposite effect take hold in schools? Anyhow, Helen Young and Lee Jerome are concerned that the online student opinion would be collected mostly from surveys that promote a "narrow ‘consumer’ version of student voice" and areguer that it is important instead to encourage "dialogue among students and among students and staff in responding to the challenges." Of course, these academics could simply go to places like Reddit and Facebook and even Twitter, etc., where these dialogues are already taking place. True, the academics would lose control of the narrative. But that would be better than a survey, wouldn't it?

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The post-COVID school

OLDaily - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Pierre Dillenbourg, Bold, May 29, 2020

For many this is a reasonable proposition: "If schools systematically combine digital and face-to-face activities, in the event of a crisis they will only have to adjust the relative amounts of in-person and distance learning, instead of having to implement radical changes." Quite so. What we need to be careful about is that, as we return some degree of face-to-face activities in schooling, that we don't recreate the inequalities and disadvantages that became so glaring over the last few weeks.

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Business as Unusual: The New Normal for Online Learning

OLDaily - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
BCcampus, May 29, 2020

This is a quick and breezy sampling of views related to the new online reality. Some of the best bits:

  • From Sarah Van Borek: "For the past decade, as I’ve been moving between Canada and South Africa for my work and studies, I’ve imagined a north–south dialogue. Now, due to COVID-19, it’s happening organically."
  • From Derek Turner: "Now there’s an opportunity for institutions to let the reins go and encourage creative and new approaches. It’s scary, but it’s also inspiring."
  • From Clint Lalonde: "What surprised me was the resurgence of many of the zombie ideas about online learning creeping into the discussions, such as the idea that online learning isn’t as personal, or that you can’t have interactivity, or that it just doesn’t work."
  • From Jesse Stommel"the pandemic has forced everyone to rethink what education is for, how they design their courses, and what kind of relationships they want to build with students."
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Higher-Ed Lobbying Group, Eyeing an In-Person Fall, Asks Congress for Liability Shields

OLDaily - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Danielle McLean, Chronicle of Higher Education, May 29, 2020

It would obviously be really irresponsible to open college campuses in the U.S. this fall, particularly given the expected second wave of the pandemic. But many colleges are announcing that they're going to do it anyways. So of course they are taking the utmost precautions in order to... avoid lawsuits.

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Pedagogy of Care: Covid-19 Edition

OLDaily - 29 Mayo, 2020 - 07:37
Maha Bali, May 29, 2020

Some aspects of care, which I would argue can be practiced both online and off. From Maha Bali (quoted):

  • Take time to know your students, face and name, individually or in small groups if the numbers allow it.
  • Create a hospitable environment and open relationship that makes it easier for students to share with you.
  • Empathize with students and imagine how those with preexisting depression and anxiety must be taking it harder.
  • Respond. ... taking time to listen and finding ways to help out.

All of these are ways to behave better generally, not just as teachers, and all of these should characterize our online behaviour perhaps even more than offline.

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New podcast on the future of online learning and higher education post-Covid 19

Tony Bates - 28 Mayo, 2020 - 23:55
Mark Nichols is developing a very useful and interesting series of podcasts called Leaders and Legends of Online Learning.  I was the first person Mark interviewed and he has now extended this series to nearly 40 interviews, including many of the key people in the development of online learning, such as Dave Cormier, Richard Mayer, […]

Grants Fund 6 OER Projects at U Wyoming

Campus Technology - 28 Mayo, 2020 - 22:50
The University of Wyoming Libraries recently funded six faculty proposals to develop alternatives to traditional textbooks.

School Superintendents to Ed Tech: 'Please Stop'

THE Journal - 28 Mayo, 2020 - 19:48
During a period when school system leaders are focused on making sure students get enough food and have the equipment and access they need for remote learning and are trying to figure out plans for the fall, what's not helping, they said, was a "flood of sales calls from technology vendors offering to help."

Five ways online university learning can be better than face-to-face teaching

OLDaily - 28 Mayo, 2020 - 19:37
Kyungmee Lee, The Conversation, May 28, 2020

Here are the five ways (quoted):

  • Accessibility - Online learning is free from a range of physical restrictions that impede face-to-face teaching.
  • Personalisation - it is possible to present multiple learning paths with different sets of resources and activities, allowing students to choose their own learning content and pace.
  • Clarity - Every single idea and task, large or small, is explicitly and repeatedly explained in online settings.
  • Flexibility - students will have diverse learning experiences which may be more challenging and stimulating than face-to-face lectures with little variation.
  • Independence - it is ultimately students who need to regulate and direct their learning.

I find it interesting that it is often along these axes that criticisms of online learning take form, saying (for example) it is not accessible enough, it is not clear enough, etc., while leaving out the analagous criticism of traditional education.

 

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