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OLDaily - Hace 19 horas 3 mins
Delz Erinle, Gist, Aug 13, 2020

I've been waiting for this. Essentially it's a really simply way to upload short podcasts ( it needs to be less than 5 minutes long, in MP3 format and less than 8mb), combined with a way to listen to them one after another in a stream. There's a search available, so it will be possible to listen to a series of audio clips on a specific topic (search doesn't seem to be working yet). Delz Erinle writes, "We believe there's a large and untapped market for audio as a social media, mainly because people have tried to use Twitter as a north star for a voice-based platform when the true north star for a platform that really works is YouTube."

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Machines can spot mental health issues—if you hand over your personal data

OLDaily - Hace 19 horas 3 mins
David Adam, MIT Technology Review, Aug 13, 2020

I've been saying for some time that AI analysis of our online data (and especially the things we create and say) will replace tests and assignments as a means of assessing competence. This isn't exactly that, but it's following the same line of reasoning. For example, "People who are prone to hearing voices, it turns out, tend to talk about them." Also, "Low semantic density is a telltale sign that a patient might be at risk of psychosis." Now none of this is ready for deployment. And of course neural network based AI will provide much more fine-grained analysis (akin to a psychologist simply 'recognizing' that a person has an affliction). Still...

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100 learning theorists... 2500 years of learning theory...

OLDaily - Hace 19 horas 3 mins
Donald Clark, Donald Clark Plan B, Aug 13, 2020

None of the articles is particularly deep, but when you take one hundred of them, you end up with a fairly substantial work. At the very least, as Donald Clark says, it's "written as quick, readable introductions to the many theorists who have shaped the world of learning."

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Hear My Train A Comin'

OLDaily - Hace 19 horas 3 mins
Rob Abel, IMS Global, Aug 13, 2020

Rob Abel writes, " as I mentioned in my last post and the introduction to the recent IMS annual report, we have begun driving toward more specificity in the terms 'personalized learning' and 'student success.' Our starting point is the more specific goals of equity, agency, and mastery." These are good starting points, but of course a lot depends on the details. For example, George Moore "details some challenges when the modality switches to entirely online... such as the ability to support identity, privacy, and security."

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Survey: Majority of Learners Believe the Pandemic Will Fundamentally Change Higher Education

Campus Technology - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 22:55
In a recent survey of learners of all ages around the globe, 79 percent of respondents agreed that colleges and universities will fundamentally change because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Stony Brook Involvement Fair Woos Students into Campus Fold — Virtually

Campus Technology - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 22:10
Stony Brook University in New York has introduced a virtual version of its "involvement fair," intended to help students on and off campus partake in club activities and meet other students, even if they can't do it in person.

Cinco sesgos cognitivos y sus efectos

Tec Monterrey — Edu News - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 21:14
 La forma en que nos aproximamos al conocimiento está sesgada por nuestra percepción y preconcepciones.

Imagen: ABC News.

Todos tenemos una opinión, idealmente esta perspectiva se basa en conocimiento, lógica y razonamiento. En realidad esto viene de lo que percibimos como estas variables, en la mayoría de los casos esta percepción podría estarnos bloqueando de usarlas correctamente. 

En artículos anteriores hemos hablado sobre cómo el sesgo de confirmación es un obstáculo serio para ser objetivo al momento de aproximarse a información nueva, pero este “hipo” cognitivo no es el único que nos hace tropezar en nuestra búsqueda de ser objetivos y analíticos con determinado tema.

Si hablamos de la situación actual, en la que es cada vez más difícil obtener información certera y confiar en los expertos, se vuelve crítico que seamos conscientes de cómo y cuándo aparecen nuestros sesgos cognitivos. Es crucial identificarlos y retirarlos de nuestro proceso de pensamiento para entender la situación de pandemia extendida y hacerle frente.

Tipos de sesgos:

1. Sesgo Optimista

El sesgo optimista es la tendencia de ver el futuro como invariablemente más positivo que el pasado y el presente. Esto puede ser útil para reducir niveles de estrés y construir un estado mental que nos habilite a superar retos, pero también puede ser riesgoso en situaciones de peligro generalizado, como la violencia sexista a nivel nacional en un país o una pandemia a nivel mundial.

Este mecanismo cognitivo nos lleva a disasociarnos de eventos negativos y verlos como ocurrencias lejanas, ajenas a nuestra realidad. Por ejemplo, sabemos que el contagio de COVID-19 al salir de nuestras casas es una posibilidad, pero no pensamos realmente que nos pudiera suceder a nosotros o a alguien cercano hasta que realmente sucede.

Este es sin duda uno de los sesgos más difíciles de detectar y eliminar cuando es necesario, sobre todo porque no siempre es necesario retirarlo de nuestro proceso de pensamiento. La dificultad estriba en desarrollar la capacidad física para razonar cuándo ser optimista es algo beneficioso y cuándo puede ser más riesgoso que positivo.

2. Sesgo de Confirmación

Este tipo de sesgo sucede al encontrar información nueva que contradice algo que sabíamos previamente, nuestra primera reacción es la de defender nuestro punto de vista. En artículos anteriores hemos hablado de las reacciones adversas al momento de admitir errores o equivocaciones, esto es lo que motiva el sesgo de confirmación.

Cuando lo aplicamos, es porque estamos leyendo o interpretando información nueva bajo el lente de nuestras propias creencias y conocimiento previo, de forma que las confirmen, no que las contradigan. Por ejemplo, al presentar una serie numérica y pedir que se descubra la regla en la que estos números están organizados, nuestras preconcepciones pueden jugar en contra. 

3. Efecto de Desinformación

Solemos creer que no hay mejor manera de conocer algo que experimentarlo, nuestra memoria nos dice lo contrario. El sesgo de desinformación sucede al momento que intentamos recordar fielmente un evento y lo que recordamos no es el evento en sí, sino cómo lo procesamos.

Nuestra memoria tiende a ser más influenciada por lo que sucede después del evento que el evento mismo, lo que cuenta es cómo construimos la memoria del suceso. Estudios demuestran que tanto la forma en que la información es presentada y los estímulos presentes al momento de construir determinado recuerdo pueden comprometer la memoria y volverla menos precisa.

4. Sesgo de Actor vs Observador

Al momento de explicar las acciones de otros y las nuestras, en ocasiones pareciera que usamos criterios diferentes. Constantemente nos encontramos con personas que son muy demandantes consigo mismas e indulgentes con otros o a la inversa; este es el sesgo de Actor vs. Observador.

Usualmente cuando hablamos de nosotros mismos y nuestras fallas buscamos causas externas para explicarlas, mientras que si se trata de alguien más encontramos más fácil recurrir a causas internas. Por ejemplo, si llegas tarde a una junta podrías tratar de explicarlo citando un vuelo tardío o tráfico pesado. Si es alguien más quien se retrasa, se tiende a explicar el evento con base en sus acciones, no en eventos fuera de su control, pensando quizás que la persona se quedó dormida, o que olvidó la hora de la reunión.

Esto aplica también a la inversa, en casos en los que una persona explica una falla propia con base en sus acciones y fallas de otros con base en factores externos.

5. La heurística de disponibilidad

Este sesgo sucede cuando nuestra exposición a determinada cuestión nos hace subestimar o sobrestimar su reincidencia. Por ejemplo, si en una ciudad suceden solo 20 robos de autos al año, pero 5 de ellos suceden en tu colonia durante un lapso de dos meses, tú podrías llegar a creer que el número de robo de autos es mayor que el real. O, por ejemplo, si durante toda tu carrera nunca fuiste testigo de ninguna instancia de sexismo o acoso sexual podrías pensar que ese no es un problema tan severo en las universidades y que las personas que sostienen que si es una situación grave están exagerando.

Calculamos la cantidad o reincidencia de determinado suceso u objeto con base en nuestra percepción, este es un atajo mental que nos ayuda a evaluar riesgos y beneficios rápidamente pero depende completamente de nuestra percepción, que podría estar sesgada, incompleta o equivocada.

Estos sesgos son especialmente riesgosos cuando tratamos de evaluar y formular respuestas ante situaciones como una pandemia mundial o un encierro prolongado. Para no caer en el uso de estas muletas mentales es necesario ser autocríticos, comprobar la información que recibimos y sobre todo no tomar nuestra perspectiva ni nuestra experiencia como la norma al momento de aprender u opinar sobre algo. 

¿Te has topado con alguno de estos sesgos en tu proceso de aprendizaje o el de tus alumnos? Cuéntanos en los comentarios.




 

3 Ways for IT Prepare for Fall Classes

Campus Technology - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 13:00
Babson College, like so many schools, is priming for the start of fall classes, which begin in just a few days. Here's how the Boston-based institution has positioned itself to succeed.

Universities will cancel deals with publishers if they don’t respond to current financial pressures - warn major sector bodies

JISC News - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 12:42
13 August 2020

A price freeze on journal subscriptions will not be enough to avoid UK researchers losing access to key academic content, warn three major sector bodies representing academic library directors and higher education managers. 

Research Libraries UK (RLUK), SCONUL, the professional association for academic and research libraries and Jisc say that immediate reductions are necessary if institutions are to retain access to content.

Universities are under heavy pressure to reduce all expenditure and divert financial resources to areas of immediate concern including online teaching and implementing measures to limit the spread of COVID-19.

Stella Butler, University of Leeds' librarian and keeper of the Brotherton Collection says:

"The pandemic has put extraordinary pressure on university budgets. In the new normal that has yet to emerge, libraries will be forced to prioritise their spending. Publishers should be focussing on supporting research by reducing journal costs not on maintaining profit levels. If prices do not come down, cancellations are inevitable.”

Liz Waller, director of library services and librarian at Durham University says:

“At this time of crisis we are having to take extremely difficult and unwelcome decisions and reduce costs that necessitate a comprehensive review of our subscriptions. We have already identified titles which we will be pausing next year, and this will be extended to select “big deals”.

"Publishers must understand the need for price reductions and a full transition to open access to put libraries in a position to maintain subscriptions.”

Last month, Universities UK and Jisc already called on major academic publishers to seek reductions of 25% on all agreements due to the grave financial impact of the pandemic.

David Prosser, executive director at RLUK says:

“The global pandemic is increasing costs and reducing budgets in an unprecedented way. Libraries will need to make cuts and the only place where there will be enough money to make large enough savings is ‘big deals’ with publishers. Unless there are significant price reductions, these big deals will inevitably be cut - to the detriment of scholarship and publishers alike.”

Ann Rossiter, executive director at SCONUL says:

“It would be very short-sighted of publishers to seek to continue charging prices which were already subject to serious challenge on the basis of value even before the current crisis. Universities want to a provide the maximum access to research outputs, but this cannot be at any cost.

"Companies which do not adapt to the new post-COVID-19 reality will be judged harshly. It is time for publishers to bring prices into line with value, and to rethink their business models with a much stronger focus on service.”

Caren Milloy, Jisc’s director of licensing:

“Whilst the response from publishers to our call for price reductions has been constructive, offers to implement a 0% price increase will not meet the need to reduce expenditure to the levels of cuts institutions are facing. Our negotiations would have been seeking 0% price increases regardless.

"As in any business, libraries are now working to align costs against the prospective budgets that have been set and as we approach the renewal season for journal agreements, if a publisher has not provided a discount, their agreement will be top of the list for cancellation.”

Jisc has asked major publishers to resubmit their budget proposals for the next academic year before mid-August. The proposals will be reviewed by a Jisc content expert group on 10 September 2020 and will be circulated for wider consultation with universities.

Expressing creativity

Steve Wheeler - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 12:33
It has been quite a long time since my last blog post (more than 6 weeks!). There are several reasons for this, but perhaps the most important one is that I have been spending my time writing. I'm used to writing academic content, papers, conference papers, keynote speeches, chapter for books, peer reviewed journal articles. It's all run-of-the-mill stuff to any academic and we tend to take it in our stride.

But lately, I have been going back to my roots. I used to write a lot of poetry, lyrics for songs, and short stories. That was before I became embroiled in Higher Education teaching and research. Now, as a semi-retired academic, I can take back a lot of my time to express my creativity again. It's quite exciting and liberating actually.

To that end, I published two books of poetry this year and I have a third, to complete the trilogy planned for publication in December. If you fancy a read and some deeper thoughts (and maybe a laugh or two) about my views on life, the universe and just about everything else, the two books below are now available to purchase for a modest fee on Amazon in both Kindle and paperback formats.

Do take a look (and write a review if the moment grabs you!) - and let me know whether you think academic can write decent poetry.

The first book in the trilogy is called Ellipsis and the second is Sacred - the third book will be released in December with the provisional title of Childhood.


Expressing creativity by Steve Wheeler was written in Plymouth, England and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Posted by Steve Wheeler from Learning with e's

Study Recommends Total Ban on Facial Recognition in Schools

THE Journal - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 00:26
A study by researchers out of the University of Michigan's Ford School of Public Policy noted thsat facial recognition technology does not work the same for all people and that it will disproportionately "impact particularly vulnerable populations."

Crestron Intros Web Conferencing Systems for Small Spaces

Campus Technology - 13 Agosto, 2020 - 00:06
AV company Crestron has developed a new line of tabletop conferencing systems that enable "one-touch" web meetings for small work spaces, such as home offices.

Are Schools Ready for Pandemic Lawsuits?

THE Journal - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 23:42
U.S. schools are already heading back to class, and a recent article has posed the question: Are they ready for the potential liability claims that could follow?

Crestron Debuts Web Conferencing Systems

THE Journal - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 22:47
AV company Crestron has developed a new line of tabletop conferencing systems that provide for "one-touch" web meetings for small work spaces, such as home offices.

My Top Personal Learning Tools 2020

OLDaily - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 22:37
Stephen Downes

I've named my list 'personal learning tools' because I think of learning as an activity that blends my own activities as a 'student' with those as a 'teacher'. It's a practice that thinks of learning as immersive and ongoing; I work, teach and learn all in the same sweep of the quill.

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How PwC uses gamification to support learning, engagement

OLDaily - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 22:37
Sheryl EstradaHR Dive

This article describes gamification for interns at PwC. No matter what the educational outcome, the use of gamification fosters better feelings about working there. "83% of those who received gamified training felt motivated. However, 61% of those who received non-gamified training said they felt bored and unproductive." It's worth highlighting the most significant element of this story: the use of chat with gamification. "PwC's Take Flight game juxtaposed the intimacy of a classic board game with people sitting around a table."

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Learning to Learn Online

OLDaily - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 22:37
Martha Cleveland-InnesDan WiltonSarah GauvreauContact NorthAthabasca University

This MOOC has just started so there's still time to enroll yourself, your kids, your prospective students, your whatever. "In this five-week course, you explore the fundamentals of the learning process and various models of online courses to determine your learning preferences and which forms of online learning are best for you. Activities address common misconceptions, frustrations and fears about online learning, and introduce techniques to help overcome such obstacles and gain confidence as a learner.

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U Michigan Broadening Use of Dropbox

Campus Technology - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 22:07
The University of Michigan is replacing its current cloud-based file storage, Box.

Interest in Online Ed Nearly Quadruples Among Prospective Students

Campus Technology - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 21:46
A survey by online education solution provider 2U has found that nearly three-quarters of prospective students said the COVID-19 pandemic has made them more likely to consider online programs.

De-densification Tech Monitors Foot Traffic

Campus Technology - 12 Agosto, 2020 - 21:33
In fall 2020, the University of Rochester is planning a hybrid online and in-person approach to meet standards of physical distancing. The university recently adopted a new technology that monitors foot traffic, which it will use in concentrated locations on campus, starting with its main library.

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